This article takes a closer look at the topic of precision agriculture, examining how it came about and the relative technologies that have formed the backbone of this new agricultural frontier.
The definition provided by the International Society of Precision Agriculture is the following:
“Precision Agriculture is a management strategy that gathers, processes and analyses temporal, spatial and individual data and combines it with other information to support management decisions according to estimated variability for improved resource use efficiency, productivity, quality, profitability and sustainability of agricultural production.”
The concept of precision agriculture focuses on the collection of data, which are subsequently analysed and interpreted in order to improve the “performance” of agricultural production in terms of both productivity and sustainability. The greatest challenge, upon which the results depend, lies in the management of the variables typical of the sector.
The tool, or rather, the tools utilised, fall under the category what we refer to as Agriculture 4.0: a system of interconnected technologies that allow for a “multi-channel” management method, which in turn provides for better reading and interpretation of the data set.
Precision agriculture provides for numerous advantages, including:
A list of the most common applications of precision agriculture is provided below.
It provides a means of support for driving the tractor, with various advantages for the operator, including:
Landini has developed its own Advanced Driving System (ADS), an innovative and award-winning (Premio Novità tecnica Eima 2018 Bologna; Máquina innovadora Agraria 2019 Valladolid) hybrid assisted driving system that uses cutting-edge mechatronic technologies to facilitate all types of field and road manoeuvres for the operator. This system also offers connection to satellite guidance, memorisation and control of wheel positions during slope and in-furrow operation, and offsets the effects of external stresses on steering accuracy. Driving comfort is enhanced by the steering becoming stiffer as a function of speed – a technology used in cars – and by the wheels automatically returning to centre.
What advantages does it offer?
And much more! Discover all the advantages of the Advanced Driving System (ADS):
Landini has adopted the innovative Precision Steering Management (PSM) system, a set of integrated devices for satellite-assisted guidance. The advantages offered by this technology can be summed up in 3 points:
Find out how to optimise your performance with PSM:
Smart fleet management provides for optimised performance and reduced operating costs. Landini Fleet Management allows users to manage their tractor fleet electronically; the 4 pillars of this solution are the following:
Want to manage your fleet in a high-performance manner? Discover Landini Telematics-based Fleet Management
These types of applications are used in contexts such as:
with two types of operational interventions:
These particular applications are generally used by large farms, and offer the benefit of ensuring a decreased environmental impact, namely:
Production mapping improves our knowledge of the agricultural land’s variability, allowing us to determine the areas of the land that are most and least productive, thus allowing the relative areas to be treated accordingly, enhancing their potential.
Using satellite localisation, sensor mapping allows us to obtain a mapped representation of the territory’s variable aspects. This type of application also provides an overview of the products’ quality, thus allowing for the separate management of the harvest based on uniform product batches (e.g. based on the wheat’s protein content), with the possibility of earmarking them for uses differentiated by quality and, therefore, also by price.
Precision Ag Definition